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To be going to: упражнения

to be going to упражнения

А вы мне поверите, если я скажу, что эти упражнения на to be going to я специально приберегла на посленовогоднее время?

Концептуально же!)) Сожаления о несделанном с should have (done) ПЕРЕД Новым годом, а планы, мечты и цели на будущее - ПОСЛЕ. Разве не планированием мы занимаемся в начале года, когда просыхаем от празднований?)) Вот в доказательство урок по отрывку из сериала Friends, где все делают New Year’s resolutions. И используют going to, кстати.

В общем, грамматика нам строить и жить помогает))

Но ближе к делу. Предыдущие уроки по going to:

Загляните, если подзабыли! А в урок с примерами going to из фильмов и сериалов загляните в любом случае, он мегакрутой! Сам себя не похвалишь...))

Ну а теперь упражнения на to be going to - а к ним добавим перца, пряностей и страстей в виде разговорных фишечек. Но фишечки только тем, кто сделает все упражнения!

Приступим?



Упражнение 1

План VS прогноз

В этом упражнении на going to нужно понять, о чем идет речь – о планах / намерениях или прогнозах / предсказаниях. Выберите правильный ответ.


1. Which one is a plan?House prices are going to go up;I’m going to buy a new house;It’s not going to be cheap;Finding a good deal is going to take a while2
2. Which one is a prediction?I’m going to go on holiday to Thailand;I’m going to stay in a cheap hostel;I’m going to ride an elephant;It’s going to be fun4
3. Which one is not a plan?I’m going to take the job offer; I’m going to work hard;I’m going to get a pay rise in 6 months;My employer is going to call me later today to confirm a few details3
4. Which one is not a prediction?I’m going to tell him the truth;He’s not going to be happy about this;In fact, he’s going to be mad;It’s never going to happen again1
5. Are you going to apologize for what you did, or what?Plan;Prediction;Neither1
6. Let’s do this. Nobody is ever going to find out.Plan;Prediction;Neither2
7. Those bags look heavy. I’ll help you.Plan;Prediction;Neither3
8. How many people are you going to invite to the party?Plan;Prediction;Neither1


Упражнение 2

Going to for plans

Вопросы

К каждой ситуации 1-4 составьте вопросы по подсказкам и напишите их в окошко. Сокращения вроде:

  • What’s
  • How’s

НЕ используем!


1. I’m going on vacation!

a) when / you / go? When are you going to go b) where / you / go? Where are you going to go c) who / you / go with? Who are you going to go with d) where / you / stay? Where are you going to stay e) how long / you / stay? How long are you going to stay f) what / you / do there? What are you going to do there g) you / take a camera? Are you going to take a camera h) what / the weather / be like? What is the weather going to be like


2. John invited me to his birthday party next weekend.

a) you / go? Are you going to gob) what time / it / start? What time is it going to start c) what time / it / finish? What time is it going to finish d) what / you / wear? What are you going to wear e) how / you / get there? How are you going to get there f) what / you / give him? What are you going to give him g) you / stay until the end? Are you going to stay until the end


3. Mary is going to write a book.

a) what / it / be about? What is it going to be about b) when / she / start writing? When is she going to start writing c) when / she / finish? When is she going to finishd) how many pages / it / be? How many pages is it going to be e) she / handwrite or type it? Is she going to handwrite or type it f) anyone / help her? Is anyone going to help her g) who / publish the book? Who is going to publish the book


4. John and Mary are getting married in May.

здесь можно вспомнить, откуда взялся Present Continuous are getting married]

a) they / have an official ceremony? Are they going to have an official ceremony b) where / they / have the reception? Where are they going to have the reception c) how many people / they / invite? How many people are they going to invite d) who / they / invite? Who are they going to invite e) when / they / start sending out the invitations? When are they going to start sending out the invitations f) they / hire a limousine? Are they going to hire a limousine g) where / go on their honeymoon? Where are they going to go on their honeymoon



Упражнение 3

Going to for predictions

Прогнозы

Используя подсказки, напишите прогноз к каждой картинке. Сокращения пишем так:

  • He's
  • He's not
  • You're
  • You're not

и т.д.

1.2.3.4. Hurry up,5. Read this book,6.7.8.9.10. Without the qualifications,
It's going to snowI'm going to be sickShe's not going to winwe're going to be lateyou're going to love itI'm going to have to payIt's going to sinkHe's not going to be happyCleaning up this mess is going to take agesyou're never going to get this job
later today (It / snow).(I / sick).(she / not / win).(we / late).(you / love it)!for excess baggage (I / have to pay).(it / sink).when he finds out the truth (he / happy).(cleaning up this mess / take ages)!(you / never / get this job).

Check



Упражнение 4

Plans and predictions

Going to = gonna

Перепишите короткую разговорную форму gonna в полную форму going to. Нас будут интересовать только фразы с gonna, их я для удобства выделю курсивом. Все остальное оставляем, как в оригинале.

1. Take an umbrella. It’s gonna rain later today. It’s going to rain later today 2. This cheese smells awful. I’m not gonna eat it. I’m not going to eat it 3. The economic situation is quite alarming, and things are only gonna get worse. Things are only going to get worse 4. Congratulations on winning the lottery! What are you gonna do with the money? What are you going to do with the money 5. That’s a nice coffee table! Is it new? Where are you gonna put it? Where are you going to put it 6. How can you just buy this dress? Aren’t you gonna try it on? Aren’t you going to try it on


А теперь наоборот – перепишите полную форму going to в разговорный вариант gonna. Нас по-прежнему интересуют только фразы с going to, их я выделю курсивом. Все остальное в предложении оставляем без изменений.

7. It’s a great movie! You’re going to love it! You’re gonna love it 8. They have nothing in common, this relationship is not going to last. This relationship is not gonna last 9. What is she going to say when she finds out what you’ve done? What is she gonna say 10. I’m going to have to tell the boss about what happened. I’m gonna have to tell the boss 11. They are going to buy a new house. They are gonna buy a new house 12. I got a job offer but I’m not going to take it. I’m not gonna take it


Упражнение 5

There’s no way

Остался тут кто живой? Прекрасно! Вот у вас – тех, кто не ленится, - прогресс пойдет, в отличие от лодырей. Вангую!)) То есть делаю prediction))

А давайте разговорных фразочек добавим?

В разговорной речи любой going to (хоть plan, хоть prediction) легко трансформируется в такую фразу:

  • I’m not going to do that = There’s no way I’m going to do that
  • He’s not going to win this game = There’s no way he’s going to win this game

Видите, да, что в There’s no way уже есть отрицание? Поэтому во второй части отрицание уже не нужно. Вот давайте и потренируемся. Перепишите предложения, используя There’s no way… В этом упражнении можно (и, вообще-то, нужно!))) использовать сокращения. Например:


1. She’s not going to believe me.There’s no way she’s going to believe me2. We’re not going to stop sea ice from melting away. There’s no way we're going to stop sea ice from melting away 3. I’m not going to change my mind. There’s no way I’m going to change my mind 4. He’s never going to change. There’s no way he’s ever going to change 5. It’s not going to end well for any of us. There’s no way it’s going to end well for any of us


Проверили себя? Как результаты? Все получилось? Молодцы! Там на полке пирожок завалялся как раз для таких случаев!!)))

И напоследок… Научить вас плохому еще более разговорному, эмоциональному варианту фразы There’s no way…?

Легко! Все то же самое, только добавляем in hell и получаем There’s no way in hell:

  • I’m not going to do that = There’s no way in hell I’m going to do that


Хотите потренироваться? Пишите в комментариях свои прогнозы с фразочкой:

  • There’s no way in hell…

Справились с упражнениями? Или остались вопросы? Давайте обсудим в комментариях!

Автор: Дарья Масловская

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