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IELTS Speaking topics - 2

Продолжаем IELTS-party)) Первая часть тем для speaking здесь.

Тема Modern Manners, Mobiles, (Communication) Technologies

 

тема mobiles, technologies

Юнит про современные манеры и мобильные телефоны крайне богат на темы для обсуждения: 


- мобильные и другие средства связи, как они влияют на общение и отношения между людьми (communication technologies and relationships)

- общение: виртуальное и личное (face-to-face communication, meetings)

- взаимоотношения (relationships)
 

- современные технологии вообще – дома и на работе, как они меняют нашу жизнь в глобальном понимании (technologies at work and at home)

В качестве бонуса предлагаю фрагмент урока по модальным глаголам, которые встречаются дальше в юните 3А, и фрагмент по отработке клише для выражения эмоций, основанный на аудировании из юнита.


Вот такая тема попалась мне, когда я в первый раз сдавала IELTS:

 

Describe a telephone conversation which was important to you.


You should say:
when and where the conversation took place
who you talked to
what you talked about


and explain why this conversation was important to you.


И другие темы:

 

Describe a piece of electronic equipment that you find useful.


You should say:
what it is
how you learned to use it
how long you have had it

and explain why you find this piece of electronic equipment useful.


Discussion topics


Technology and housework

What kinds of machine are used for housework in modern homes in your country?
How have these machines benefited people? Are there any negative effects of using them?
Do you think all new homes will be equipped with household machines in the future? Why?

Technology in the workplace

What kinds of equipment do most workers need to use in offices today?
How have developments in technology affected employment in your country?
Some people think that technology has brought more stress than benefits to employed
people nowadays. Would you agree or disagree? Why?

Describe a meeting you remember going to at work, college or school.


You should say:
when and where the meeting was held
who was at the meeting
what the people at the meeting talked about

and explain why you remember going to this meeting.


Discussion topics

Going to meetings

What are the different types of meeting that people often go to?
Some people say that no-one likes to go to meetings -what do you think?
Why can it sometimes be important to go to meetings?

International meetings

Why do you think world leaders often have meetings together?
What possible difficulties might be involved in organising meetings between world leaders?
Do you think that meetings between international leaders will become more frequent in
the future? Or will there be less need for world leaders to meet?

Describe a useful website you have visited.


You should say:
what the website was
how you found the address for this website
what the website contained


and explain why it was useful for you


Discussion topics


The Internet and communication

What effect has the Internet had on the way people generally communicate with each other?
Why do you think the Internet is being used more and more for communication?
How reliable do you think information from the Internet is? Why? What about the news on the Internet?

тема cultures, cultural stereotypes

Дальше в учебнике развивается тема традиций и условностей, принятых в разных культурах, и сюда как раз отлично подойдет:

-  обсуждение путешествий в другие страны, соприкосновение с другими культурами, ценность познания мира (ох, что-то пафосно получается))

- разнообразные minority cultures and languages и необходимость их сохранения.

- какие выгоды приносит туризм: экономические, социальные (benefits of tourism)

- негативные эффекты от туризма (negative effects of tourism)


Однако, ближе к делу.

Describe an interesting historic place.


You should say:
what it is
where it is located
what you can see there now

and explain why this place is interesting.

 

Discussion topics

Looking after historic places

How do people in your country feel about protecting historic buildings?
Do you think an area can benefit from having an interesting historic place locally? In what
way?
What do you think will happen to historic places or buildings in the future? Why?

The teaching of history at school

How were you taught history when you were at school?
Are there other ways people can learn about history, apart from at school? How?
Do you think history will still be a school subject in the future? Why?

Describe a journey [e.g. by car, plane, boat] that you remember well.


You should say:
where you went
how you travelled
why you went on the journey

and explain why you remember this journey well.

 

Describe a part of the world you would like to visit


You should say:
where it is
how and what you know about it
what you would like to do there


and explain why you would like to visit this part of the world.


Discussion topics

International tourism

Why do you think people want to visit other countries?
What makes some places attractive to tourists?
Some people say it’s important to find out some information about another country before visiting it. Do you agree?
How useful is it for people to understand the language of the country they visit?
Do people travel abroad more or less than in the past? Why (not)?
Will international tourism increase or decrease in the future?

TV programs about other places

What kinds of TV programs about other places are popular in your country?
Can people  learn more about geography from TV than they can from books? Why (not)?
Do you think TV programs about different places encourage people to travel themselves? Why (not)

The effects of tourism

How can tourism benefit local people and places?
Are there any drawbacks of tourism?
Does tourism help to promote international understanding? How?

Reasons for daily travel

Why do people need to travel every day?
What problems can people have when they are on their daily journey, for example to
work or school? Why is this?
Some people say that daily journeys like these will not be so common in the future. Do
you agree or disagree? Why?

Benefits of international travel

What do you think people can learn from travelling to other countries? Why?
Can travel make a positive difference to the economy of a country? How?
Do you think a society can benefit if its members have experience of travelling to other
countries? In what ways?

Тема Appearance, Judging by Appearance, Clothes/Fashion, Images/Photography

тема appearance

В этом юните обсуждается внешность и то, как мы часто судим о человеке по ней. И, честно говоря, по этой теме гораздо больше текстов для чтения, аудирования и письма, чем тем для speaking (полно текстов о том, как наше лицо выражает эмоции; о реконструкции черт лица по найденным останкам древних людей; о современных технологиях идентификации преступников по крошечному образцу ДНК). 

Однако так или иначе умение описывать внешность и знание лексики по теме очень полезно в устной части IELTS, так как часто встречаются темы, где нужно описать кого-то: члена семьи, друга, знаменитого человека, и один из пунктов ответа должен раскрыть как раз-таки внешность. Например, тема, которую мы уже обсуждали, когда говорили о Family: 

Describe someone in your family who you like.


You should say:
how this person is related to you
what this person looks like
what kind of person he/she is


and explain why you like this person

 

Дальнейшие вопросы тоже связаны со внешностью: чем похожи члены одной семьи? Самый очевидный ответ – внешностью, facial features.

Discussion topics

Family similarities

In what ways can people in a family be similar to each other?
Do you think that daughters are always more similar to mothers than to male relatives? What about sons and fathers?
In terms of personality, are people more influenced by their family or by their friends? In what ways?

Genetic research

Where can people in your country get information about genetic research?
How do people in your country feel about genetic research?
Should this research be funded by governments or private companies? Why?

Сюда же, к вопросу о суждениях по внешности и одежке, можно обсудить и такую тему:

Describe your favorite style of dress.


You should say:
what kind of clothes you like to wear
what fabrics and colors you prefer
what (or who) influences you in your choice of clothes


and explain whether clothes are important to you or not.

 

Discussion topics

Do you think it is a good idea to have formal dress-code at work? Why (not)?
What do you think of school uniforms? Are they a good idea?
How much can you say about a person judging by the clothes they wear? How accurate can those judgements be?
Do young people and old people feel the same about fashion? Why is this?
Do you think the fashion industry has a bad influence on young people?

тема photography

В этом же юните, помимо внешности, одежды и стереотипов, есть небольшой упор на фотографии (с этого и начинается юнит: насколько мы похожи на свои фотографии).

Так что сюда можно логично включить и такие экзаменационные вопросы:

- власть картинок и фотографий по сравнению с печатным словом (images are more powerful than written word)

- использование фотографий в рекламе (using images in advertising)

- является ли фотография искусством (photography as art)

 

Describe a photograph you have taken which is important to you.


You should say:
what the picture shows
when and why you took it
where you keep it


and explain what is special about it.


Discussion topics

Is photography becoming more or less popular these days, in your experience? Why do you think this is?
Some people believe that the written word is losing its importance, and images are becoming more powerful. Would you agree?
Do you think advertising can have harmful effects?
Would you say that photography is an art?
News photographers sometimes take pictures of people in distress, after a disaster, for example. Do you think this is justified?

Тема Success, Fame, Celebrities, Taking Up New Activities/Hobbies

тема success, hobbies

тема heroes, celebrities

Здесь обсуждается успех и его достижение – можно поговорить о знаменитостях, преимуществах и недостатках звездного статуса. Этот юнит отлично рифмуется с другим (6C Heroes) – герои нашего времени. Что можно обсудить здесь:

-какие достижения приносят славу и известность в современном мире (how people become famous)

-знаменитости, преимущества и недостатки звездного статуса (being a celebrity: advantages and disadvantages)

-оправданы ли большие гонорары в сфере развлечения и медиа (is it fair/justified?)

-почему люди интересуются знаменитостями (interest in celebrities' lives)

 

Describe a well-known person you like or admire.


You should say:
who this person is
what this person has done
why this person is well known

and explain why you admire this person.

 

Discussion topics

Famous people in your country

What kind of people become famous people these days?
ls this different from the kind of achievement that made people famous in the past? In what way?
How do you think people will become famous in the future?

Being in the public eye

What are the good things about being famous? Are there any disadvantages?
How does the media in your country treat famous people?
Why do you think ordinary people are interested in the lives of famous people?

Describe a person who has done a lot of work to help people.


You should say:
who this person is/was
where this person lives/lived
what he/she has done to help people

and explain how you know about this person.

 

А дальше – внезапно – мы будем обсуждать благотворительность и прочие дела на благо общества.

Discussion topics

Helping other people in the community
What are some of the ways people can help others in the community? Which is most
important?
Why do you think some people like to help other people?
Some people say that people help others in the community more now than they did in
the past. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

Community Services

What types of services, such as libraries or health centres, are available to the people
who live in your area? Do you think there are enough of them?
Which groups of people generally need most support in a community? Why?
Who do you think should pay for the services that are available to the people in a
community? Should it be the government or individual people?

Также можно обсудить разнообразные новые виды деятельности или хобби, которые мы пробуем и иногда бросаем, а иногда преуспеваем:


- позитивные эффекты от наличия хобби (positive effects of having hobbies)

- зачем нужно пробовать что-то новое (taking up new activities)

- наличие свободного времени (work-life balance)

- как мы учимся новому (learning to do something new)

Describe an interest or hobby that you enjoy.


You should say:
how you became interested in it
how long you have been doing it
why you enjoy it


and explain what benefits you get from this hobby or interest.


Discussion topics

The social benefits of hobbies

Do you think having a hobby is good for people’s social life? In what ways?
Are there any negative effects of a person spending too much time on their hobby? What are they?
Why do you think people need to have a hobby or an interest?

Leisure time

In your country, how much time do people spend on work and how much time on leisure? Is this a good balance, do you think?
Would you say the amount of free time has changed much in the last fifty years?
Do you think people will have more or less free time in the future? Why?

Describe something you did that was new or exciting.


You should say:
what you did
where and when you did this
who you shared the activity with


and explain why this activity was new or exciting for you.

 

Discussion topics

Doing new things

Why do you think some people like doing new things?
What problems can people have when they try new activities for the first time?
Do you think it's best to do new things on your own or with other people? Why?

Learning new things

What kinds of things do children learn to do when they are very young? How important
are these things?
Do you think children and adults learn to do new things in the same way? How is their
learning style different?
Some people say that it is more important to be able to learn new things now than it was
in the past. Do you agree or disagree with that? Why?

Тема Education

тема education

В учебнике рассматриваются изменения образовательной системы (очень неубедительно, надо сказать) и экзамены. На IELTS же разговор может пойти в таких направлениях:

- система образования (education system)

- экзамены – их преимущества и недостатки (exams)

- методы обучения (teaching and learning methods)

- инновации в сфере образования (developments in education)

- воспитание соревновательного духа у детей (compete VS cooperate)

Describe a teacher who has influenced you in your education.


You should say:
where you met them
what subject they taught
what was special about them

and explain why this person influenced you so much.

 

Discussion topics

Developments in education

How has education changed in your country in the last 10 years?
What changes do you foresee in the next 50 years?

A national education system

How do the expectations of today's school leavers compare with those of the previous
generation?
What role do you think extracurricular activities play in education?

Different styles/methods of teaching and learning

What method of learning works best for you?
How beneficial do you think it is to group students according to their level of ability?

Competitions in school

Why do you think some school teachers use competitions as class activities?
Do you think it is a good thing to give prizes to children who do well at school? Why?
Would you say that schools for young children have become more or less competitive since
you were that age? Why?

А эти вопросы из другого спикинга (об интересном историческом месте, которое вы посетили), но они отлично подходят и сюда:

The teaching of history at school

How were you taught history when you were at school?
Are there other ways people can learn about history, apart from at school? How?
Do you think history will still be a school subject in the future? Why?

Тема Homes, Housing

тема homes

Обсуждаем дома, квартиры, жилье и все, что с ними связано:

- преимущества и недостатки квартир по сравнению с домами (apartment VS house)

- преимущества и недостатки городов по сравнению с сельской местностью (city VS countryside)

- дизайн интерьеров (interior design)

- современные технологии, помогающие справляться с работой по дому (technology and housework)


Describe a room in your house/apartment which you like best.


You should say:
where the room is
what it is used for
what it looks like


and explain why you like this room best.

 

Discussion topics

Rooms in general

Which room do families usually spend most time in? Why?
What types of thing do people put on the walls of their rooms?
Is it more important for a room to look nice, or to be comfortable? Why?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a house compared to living in a flat?

Interior design

How can different room colors affect the way people feel?
What is modern furniture like compared to older styles of furniture?
Do you think women are more interested than men in the way rooms are decorated?

Technology and housework

What kinds of machine are used for housework in modern homes in your country?
How have these machines benefited people? Are there any negative effects of using them?
Do you think all new homes will be equipped with household machines in the future? Why?

Тема Friends, Friendships, Relationships

тема friends, friendship

Здесь размышляем над дружбой:

- качества хорошего друга (important qualities)

- как знакомиться с новыми людьми и заводить друзей (meeting new people, making friends)

- как поддерживать связь и, главное, зачем с друзьями (keeping in touch)

- смысл дружбы в современном мире и как меняются наши взаимоотношения с людьми (friendships today):

- почему распадаются отношения (why relationships break up)

- насколько мы подвержены пагубному влиянию друзей (influence of friends)

- другие важные (и не очень) взаимоотношения в жизни (other relationships)

- как меняются люди со временем и возрастом (how people change)

Describe one of your friends.


You should say:

what he/she looks like
what kind of person he/she is
how long you have known each other
how you spend time together

and explain why you like this person.

 

Describe someone you met recently and liked.


You should say:
who this person is
what you were doing at the time
how you met him/her


and explain why you liked this person.


Discussion topics

Qualities of friends

What do you think are the most important qualities for friends to have?
Which are more important to people, their family or their friends? Why?
What do you think causes friendships to break up?

Other relationships

What other types of relationship, apart from friends or family, are important in people's lives
today?
Have relationships with neighbours where you live changed in recent years? How?
How important do you think it is for a person to spend some time alone? Why/Why not?

Describe an occasion when you met someone you hadn’t seen for several years.


You should say:
how and when you met the person
who the person was
how long it was since you had last seen him/her


and explain how you felt about meeting this person again

 

Discussion topics

Keeping in contact

In what different ways can people keep in touch with each other?
How important do you think it is to keep in touch with friends? Why (not)?
Which way of keeping in touch is the most popular with young people?

How people change

What are the reasons why people change as they grow older?
Why do you think some people change more than others?
At about what age do you think people change the most? Why?

Long-term relationships
How valuable do you think long-term friendships are compared with new relationships?
Do you agree that maintaining long-term relationships sometimes requires effort? Why?

Describe a friend of your family you remember from your childhood.


You should say:
who the person was
how your family knew this person
how often this person visited your family

and explain why you remember this person.

 

Discussion topics

Friendship

What do you think makes someone a good friend to a whole family?
Do you think we meet different kinds of friend at different stages of our lives? In what
ways are these types of friend different?
How easy is it to make friends with people from a different age group?

Influence of friends

Do you think it is possible to be friends with someone if you never meet them in person?
Is this real friendship?
What kind of influence can friends have on our lives?
How important would you say it is to have friends from different cultures?

Окончание следует…

Все темы IELTS Speaking можно скачать бесплатно и пользоваться в свое удовольствие при самостоятельной подготовке или со своими учениками, которым предстоит сдача экзамена.

ielts_speaking_topics_1435408615.pdf
 

Автор: Дарья Масловская

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