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Should и should have (done): упражнения

Этот урок я берегла специально к Новому году. Ибо когда, как не во время подведения итогов уходящего года, мы предаемся сожалениям:

- Надо было бросить курить
- Надо было делать домашку по английскому
- Надо было ходить в спортзал и меньше жрать...

и даем себе (и окружающим! тем, кто вовремя не увернулся))) советы на будущее:

- Худеть тебе надо, подруга.
Ох...

Мы уже разбирались с should для советов и should have (done) для сожалений о прошлом. Если вдруг пропустили, загляните в соседний урок со всеми правилами и особенностями произношения should и should have.

Если хотите зрелищ, прогуляйтесь сюда. В этом материале куча примеров should и should have из фильмов на английском. Можно прокачать навыки понимания на слух и одновременно грамматику.

А отборные упражнения на should и should have (done) я приберегла специально к сезону сожалений праздников))) А вместо сожалений предлагаю делать задания!


Упражнение 1

В этом упражнении нужно соотнести ситуацию (слева) с советом или сожалением (справа). Подвох в том, что какие-то из них обращены в прошлое, а какие-то в будущее или настоящее.

Хватайте фразу справа и переносите ее в нужное место.

  • We had a great time
  • We’re meeting at 6
  • That upset her
  • She found out
  • Why are you so shy?
  • Are you excited?
  • She doesn’t know
  • She had no idea
  • She treated you badly
  • You left too early
  • She was worried
  • She’s worried
  • It’s a great movie
  • It’s dangerous
  • You should have stayed
  • You should go
  • You shouldn’t be
  • You should have lied
  • You should come
  • You should have come
  • You should have called
  • You should call her
  • You shouldn’t go
  • You should have told her
  • You should tell her
  • You shouldn’t have stayed
  • You should be
  • You shouldn’t have lied
Check

Упражнение 2

А в этом упражнении выберите правильный ответ. Помните, что тут снова смысл заключается в том, чтобы найти и прочувствовать разницу между should и should have (done).

1. Back then, I used to skip school and never used to do my homework. I just didn’t think school was that important. Now that I think about it, I realize I _________ it more seriously.should take;shouldn’t take;should have taken;shouldn’t have taken32. If you don’t get your act together, you might get fired. You really _________ your job more seriously.should take;shouldn’t take;should have taken;shouldn’t have taken13. You’re rushing into this, guys. Don’t you think you _________ to know each other a little better before getting married?should get;shouldn’t get;should have got;shouldn’t have got14. We got married too soon. Looking back, I realize we _________ to know each other better first.should get;shouldn’t get;should have got;shouldn’t have got35. I followed in my father’s footsteps and became an engineer. With hindsight, I _________, since it turned out to be the most boring job in the world.should;shouldn’t;should have;shouldn’t have46. I work a lot, but I know I really _________. I’m already burnt out.should;shouldn’t;should have;shouldn’t have27. Come to think of it now, going to Thailand was a mistake. I _________ somewhere in Europe.should go;shouldn’t go;should have gone;shouldn’t have gone38. Where do you think _________ for my next vacation?should I go;I should go;should I have gone;I should have gone29. Eventually, the truth will come out. I think you _________ him the truth now, rather than later.should tell;shouldn’t tell;should have told;shouldn’t have told110. I _________ him the truth, but I didn’t.should tell;shouldn’t tell;should have told;shouldn’t have told311. I believed everything she told me. Now that I think about it, I _________ so naïve.should be;shouldn’t be;should have been;shouldn’t have been412. She only tells you what you want to hear. You _________ so naïve, otherwise she’ll take advantage of you before you know it.should be;shouldn’t be;should have been;shouldn’t have been213. I can’t make up my mind. Which one do you think I _________, the white one or the dark one? should buy;shouldn’t buy;should have bought;shouldn’t have bought114. Looking back, I realize the dark coat would have been a better choice since I’ve already wasted a fortune on dry cleaning. I _________ the white one.should buy;shouldn’t buy;should have bought;shouldn’t have bought415. I’ve been the happiest person on this planet ever since I quit my job last month. With hindsight, I _________ sooner.should resign;shouldn’t resign;should have resigned;shouldn’t have resigned316. John has really messed up this project. If you ask me, he _________ before they fire him.should resign;shouldn’t resign;should have resigned;shouldn’t have resigned117. I followed his advice, which, come to think of it now, was all wrong. I _________ to him.should listen;shouldn’t listen;should have listened;shouldn’t have listened418. I’m sure your parents mean well, you _________ to them rather than dismiss everything they say.should listen;shouldn’t listen;should have listened;shouldn’t have listened119. Look at that man! Do you think _________ him if he’s all right?we should stop and ask;should we stop and ask;we should have stopped and asked;should we have stopped and asked120. On my way here we saw this man lying on the ground. We _________ if he was okay, but we didn’t.should stop and ask;should have stopped and asked;we shouldn’t stop and ask;shouldn’t have stopped and asked2

Упражнение 3

А теперь сделаем финт ушами! Выполним предыдущее упражнение еще раз – но уже в другом формате и усложним задачу.

Теперь поставьте глагол в скобках в нужную форму, определитесь, нужен вам should или shouldn’t и впишите правильный ответ в окошки. И НЕ ПОДГЛЯДЫВАЙТЕ в предыдущее упражнение!

Весь ответ целиком – в одном окошке. То есть, если хотите написать should have been – ни в чем себе не отказывайте пишите все три слова в одно окошко:

Или два:

Отрицания пишем сокращенно:

Поехали!

1. Come to think of it, going to Thailand was a mistake. I should have gone (go) somewhere in Europe.

2. I can’t make up my mind. Which one do you think I should buy (buy), the white one or the dark one?

3. I followed his advice, which was all wrong. I shouldn’t have listened (listen) to him.

4. I should have told (tell) him the truth, but I didn’t.

5. I work a lot, but I know I really shouldn’t. I’m already burnt out.

6. If you don’t get your act together, you might get fired. You really should take (take) your job more seriously.

7. John has really messed up this project. If you ask me, he should resign (resign) before they fire him.

8. On my way here we saw this man lying on the ground. We should have stopped and asked (stop and ask) if he was okay, but we didn’t.

9. She only tells you what you want to hear. You shouldn’t be (be) so naïve, otherwise she’ll take advantage of you before you know it.

10. We got married too soon. Looking back, I realize we should have got;should have gotten (get) to know each other better first.

Check

Упражнение 4

В этом упражнении на should vs should have (done) напишите совет к каждой картинке-ситуации. Используем ключевые глаголы в скобках, ставим их в нужную форму. Здесь опять придется подумать, речь идет о прошлом или о настоящем. Все пишем в одно окошко, например:

Приступим, помолясь!

YouYouYouYouYouYouYouYouYouYouYou
should take upshould have takenshould have broughtshould doshould have appliedshouldn't wasteshould takeshouldn't have leftshould definitely seeshouldn't have subscribedshouldn't spend
(take up) a new hobby.(take) a map.(bring) a book.(do) more exercise.(apply) sunscreen.(waste) so much money on clothes and stuff.(take) a speaking class.(leave) it unattended.(definitely see) the new Tarantino movie.(subscribe) to their newsletter.(spend) so much time in front of the computer.
Check


Упражнение 5.

Уф, есть тут еще кто живой? Прекрасно!)))

В этом упражнении на разницу между should и should have давайте потренируем вопросы. Какие-то из них будут о прошлом, а какие-то о настоящем и будущем. Пользуясь подсказками, впишите вопросы в окошки:

Готовы?

1. That’s a tough call. What / I / do? What should I do? 2. I spoke to Mark but, apparently, he’s not the decision maker. Who / I / speak to? Who should I have spoken to? 3. I’m happy to help you pack. What time / I / come by? What time should I come by? 4. I’m thinking of going on vacation. Where / I / go? Where should I go? 5. I like both these bags. Which one / I / pick? Which one should I pick? 6. I went to Prague, which was a mistake. Where / I / go instead? Where should I have gone instead? 7. Come to think of it, buying the black bag wasn’t the smartest choice. Which one / I / pick? Which one should I have picked? 8. Who is in charge here? Who / I / speak to? Who should I speak to? 9. I came round at 6, but you weren’t home. What time / I / come by? What time should I have come by? 10. With hindsight, that was the wrong thing to do. What / I / do? What should I have done?


Сделали упражнения на should и should have (done)? Проверили себя? Разобрались? Молодцы! Возьмите с полки пирожок))

Или остались вопросы? Задайте в комментариях, обсудим!


Автор: Дарья Масловская

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